| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M |
| N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |


one who has attained nirvana, or complete liberation from suffering, but has not yet attained enlightenment.
Atisha (982-1054): a great Indian master and scholar who came to Tibet to help in the revival of Buddhism and established the Kadam tradition. His text Lamp on the Path to Enlightenment became the first in a tradition of teachings called the graduated path to enlightenment (lam rim in Tibetan).


the aspiration to attain full enlightenment in order to help all beings.
bodhisattva: a being who has developed bodhicitta and is striving for enlightenment for the sake of all beings.
Buddha: a fully-enlightened being; one who has overcome all obstacles and completed all good qualities and is therefore able to benefit all other beings to the maximum extent.
Buddhahood: see enlightenment.


compassion: empathy with the suffering of others; the wish that other beings be free from their suffering.
: the mental factor that, once one has recognized the valuable qualities of such an object as the Three Jewels, makes this recognition firm and will not let it be lost.


a mental state that causes our mind to be disturbed, and leads us to deal with people and situations in mistaken, harmful ways, thus resulting in problems. Examples are: anger, jealousy and attachment.
Dharma: spiritual teachings and practices; any knowledge or method that frees us from confusion and suffering; specifically, the Buddhist teachings.


the actual way in which all things exist; the absence of the apparent independent existence of things.
empowerment {Ongchen in Tib.} is the full initiation. It grants the seed to achieve the four Kayas of the Buddha and allows practitioners to engage in the practice of three Kaya taking into the path of generation and the practice of the five stages of completion stage path of the Mahaanutara Yoga tantra Buddha. Empowerment, if done correctly, usually takes two days.
enlightenment: the highest, most perfect state of mind, in which all negative aspects of mind have been eliminated, and all positive qualities have been perfected; Buddhahood.
equanimity: an even-minded attitude towards everyone, cultivated by overcoming the habit to classify others as either friend, enemy or stranger.




Guru: Spiritual Teacher Guru, King of Sages, Vajradhara: the central figure of the visualization - one's Root Guru, identical with Shakyamuni Buddha, with Vajradhara at his heart.




not understanding truth, especially the ignorance that fails to understand emptiness, the actual way all things exist .
impermanence: the ever-changing nature of all things that arise from causes and conditions.
inherent existence: the falsely-conceived mode of existence of things, in which things seem to exist from their own side, independent of anything else.
initiation: also known as Je-nang, is giving the permission to practise the deities, normally deities of action, performance and Yoga Tantra with just a few exceptional cases.


the attitude of appreciating and feeling happy about positive, virtuous actions, both one's own and others'; taking delight in others' good qualities, success, good fortune, and so on.


karma: the law of cause and effect; the process whereby virtuous actions lead to happiness and non-virtuous ones to suffering.


Lam rim: the Stages of the Path to Enlightenment.
lama: the Tibetan word for Guru.
liberation: the state of complete personal freedom from suffering and its causes, delusions and karma.
love: the wish that other beings have happiness and its causes.


: the "Great Vehicle" - the practices of a Bodhisattva. A Mahayana text or school is one in which these practices are taught. Includes both the Vehicle of the Perfections and the Vajrayana, but when contrasted with the latter it refers to the former.
mandala: in particular the entire world visualized as an offering. When the array of a deity and his or her attendants, or the diagram representing them, is meant, mandala is normally translated into Tibetan as dkyil 'khor.
mantra: a series of syllables, usually Sanskrit, that are recited as part of one's spiritual practice. Mantras can be recited for various purposes, e.g. purification of negative karma, or development of compassion or single-pointed concentration.
Master, The: Buddha Shakyamuni.
meditation: the process of becoming familiar with positive states of mind, through both analytical investigation and single-pointed concentration.
merit: positive energy created when one performs virtuous actions.
mindfulness: awareness, especially awareness of one's own thoughts, feelings, attitudes and behavior.


see liberation .




puja: offering, worship, veneration.




Red Loma Gyonma:
Female Deity specially powerful to protect and cure epidemics and contagious disease.


sadhana: rite of evocation of a deity.
samsara: the cycle of death and rebirth, fraught with suffering and dissatisfaction, that arises due to the ignorance of the true nature of all things.
Sangha: Absolute Sangha, the Object of Refuge, is the Community of Arya Beings, or Saints. Relative Sangha is the community of ordained monks and nuns.
sentient being: a being who has consciousness, and has not yet attained enlightenment.
stupa: Indian Buddhist stupas were dome-shaped monuments containing relics of the Buddha or His desciples. Their Tibetan successors are usually purely symbolic; of any size and material, they are of carefully-defined shape and proportions and represent the Buddha's Mind.
Sutra: the Discourses of the Buddha, the scriptural texts and the Teachings they contain.


Tantra: practices involing indentification of oneself with a fully Enlightened deity, esoteric practices not taught in the Sutras. The four classes are Action Tantra, Performance Tantra, Yoga Tantra and Highest Yoga Tantra.
thought transformation: teachings and meditation methods for the purpose of training one's mind in the attitudes and practices of a bodhisattva, e.g. compassion, love, patience, inner strength, wisdom, etc.




vajra: a Tantric implement; as an adjective, "ada-mantine": applied to anything used in Tantric practice to differentiate it from everyday things


the correct understanding of things, especially the correct understanding of emptiness, the ultimate, true nature of all phenomena; the main antidote to ignorance.




Yellow Loma Gyonma:
Female Deity specially powerful to protect and cure epidemics and contagious disease.






| Home | Teachers | Dharma-On-Demand | About MBA | News & Events | Membership & Sponsorship | Links | Contact Us |